Tag Archives: perfume



Have you ever noticed that some people seem to have more chemical attraction than others and generally exude more confidence?

Scientific evidence suggests that this is due to the power of pheromones: odourless natural attractants that send out airborne signals from the body that are received by others. Human pheromones are steroid molecules on the skin that float off into the air and affect those near us. The word “pheromone” is derived from Greek meaning “I carry excitement.”

We all have pheromones, some people just have more than others.

U.S. and international patents have been granted on the use of human pheromones. The chemical mixture of some concentrate contain human pheromones in a non-fragrant alcohol based formula. As a result, men are able to wear it alone or with their favorite cologne. Proper application is to splash on your neck, wrist, or any other skin that is exposed to the air. The alcohol scent will evaporate very quickly, leaving the pheromones to become airborne and ultimately stimulating the senses of another person. The pheromones stimulate the Vomeronasal Organ (VNO), a tiny chemical receptor in the nose, which is connected to the hypothalamus, the gland in the brain which triggers the chemicals responsible for emotions. These chemical messengers given off by an individual affect other individuals of the same species.


Because it’s a relatively recent discovery, much scientific evidence already has been established that supports the effectiveness of human pheromones.

Scientists at the ChemicalSensesCenter in Philadelphia, PA, the University of Utah, School of Medicine, and many others have conducted consumer and laboratory studies on how pheromones affect people. There is significant evidence that pheromones affect the behavior of those receiving the pheromone signals. Researchers at the University of Kentucky discovered that subjects exposed to pictures of men that were sprayed with the human pheromones found these pictures more sexually attractive than pictures of men that were not sprayed with the pheromones. Another test was done on a national TV show in England, using twin brothers. One twin was sprayed with the pheromone, then both twins were introduced to test subjects. The subjects found that the twin brother sprayed with pheromones was more attractive than his identical counterpart. In another study, the pheromone was sprayed on one chair in a dentist’s waiting room. Subjects tested were more likely to choose to sit in that chair than any other chair in the room.

In 1998 a book was published on the subject of pheromones called “Love Scents” by Kodis, Moran, Houy & Dutton (New York, USA) which describes pheromones in detail in everyday language.

In a nutshell, the book expounds on the theory that we are chemically communicating with each other all the time, hence we naturally give off pheromones everyday. That ’s something many people don’t realize. However, since we usually take a bath everyday as part of our hygiene, it washes off our natural pheromones. Consequently, we are pheromonally deprived. Furthermore, we tend to dress from head to toe, thereby covering 90% of the very skin that releases pheromones into the air. When we put on a pheromone concentrate or a perfume containing human pheromones, we’re actually replacing pheromones we have washed off. By supplementing our lost pheromones, we are really “getting back to nature,” and re-establishing chemical communication with those close to us.

Other fragrances in the market which claim to have pheromones actually use animal pheromones, such as pig, deer, or cat pheromones (“musk”). It’s been proven that these non-human pheromones have no effect on humans.


Basics in Perfumery

Classification in terms of purity/concentrate

1. Eau de Cologne – lasts 2 to 3 hrs.

2. Eau de Toilette – lasts 4 to 6 hrs.

3. Eau de Parfum – lasts 8 to 10 hrs.

4. Oil Concentrate – most expensive and lasts for around 12 hours

Classification in terms of ingredients

1. Woody – cedarwood, sandalwood, juniper, fir balsam, amber musk, oak moss, maple leaves, rosewood, guaiacum wood etc.

2. Fruity – lime, bergamot, pineapple, tangerine, berries, lychee etc.

3. Floral – jasmine, lilies, lavender, roses, freesia, magnolia etc.

4. Spice – vetiver, patchouli, cardamom, sage, geranium, ginger, pepper etc.

Classification in terms of mixture

1. Top Note/Spirit – first impressions

2. Heart Note/Core Fragrance – the most noticeable/strongest scent

3. Base Note/Soul – fragrance that lingers/left behind